Samuel Gompers (Monday)

Names: Juan Sanchez, Ryan Montes, Tiffany Baez, Pedro Fernandez, Keon Trammell

Consider Gompers’ classrooms when answering each of the questions that follows.  Also think about how apprentices connect to the questions.

  1. In Gompers’ Autobiography, what apprenticeship skill did he learn?
    Answer: Cigarette maker, He first served as an apprentice to another cigar maker which was the standard way to learn a trade at the time. He earned 12 cents a week as an apprentice.
  2. Was it a difficult skill?  Why or why not?
    Answer: Yes, it was a difficult skill because it was intricate.
  3. Given the difficulty of the skill, what was he able to do during work?
    Answer: He was able to talk, think, listen and sing. He had to handle the leaves carefully to prevent tearing.
  4. What does he mean when he says, “mind-freedom”?
    Answer: Free yourself from the negative thoughts and emotions that can sometime take over your life, peace of mind.
  5. What sort of relationships did he have with his fellow workers?
    Answer: They learned to know each other really thoroughly and able to take a joke in good spirit, they had a fellowship that grew between them was the one that lasted a lifetime.
  6. During WWI, Gompers stepped back on his labor demands.  What kinds of concessions did he make?
    • #1 Supported the 8 hour day
    • #2 Equal pay for equal work
    • #3 Laborers write to organize and bargain collectively with employers
  7. What important goal did Gompers hope to achieve with these concessions?
    Answer: The Gompers goal was to make the Declaration of Independence, the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness not to be a mere generality, but the rule of everyday life. He wanted to protect the families of servicemen and improve living conditions in war time and the Gompers made sure that organized labor had a voice and vote on district draft boards.
  8. What were some of the organizations Gompers presided over?
    • #1 Railroad Wage commission
    • #2 Wars industries boards
    • #3 The advisory commission of the council for national defense
  9. In the speech at the end of the lesson, Gompers talks about “new relations.” Described what they are.
    Answer: He means that there will always be new connections good or opposed to each other but man to man we will want to live in, want to live with the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.