Labor Day (Monday)


Answer the following questions:
  1. Describe what was going on at Union Square on September 5, 1882.
    Answer: Some 10,000 workers assembled in New York City to participate in America’s first Labor Day parade
  2. How old was Peter McGuire when he started working?
    Answer: 15
  3. What apprenticeship skill did he learn?
    Answer: Carpenter
  4. What was he doing at Cooper Union?
    Answer: McGuire attended the free night classes at copper union
  5. List some of the trades unions he helped create:
    • #Union of Carpenters
    • #United Brotherhood of Carpenters (UBC)
    • #Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions

6. The May Day labor marches he led demanded what law be enforced?
Answer: The federation organized a peaceful rally on 1 May 1886 in Haymarket, Chicago, where workers of over 13,000 businesses joined in claiming better working rights.

7. Read the timeline history.  List and describe what your group thinks the three most              important events are on that timeline, and summarize each in 1-2 sentences.

    • #The United brotherhood of carpenters and joiners of America officially began in 1881 when 36 delegates from 14 local unions in 11 different cities decided to organize themselves producing a stronger voice
    • #In the 1890s, states across the Union began to recognize the Labor Day holiday. By 1894, 23 states had adopted the Labor Day holiday in recognition of workers. After years of lobbying from P.J. McGuire, on June 28th of that year, Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September each year a national holiday in the United States.
    • #President John F. Kennedy issued Executive Order 10988 on January 17, 1962. This Presidential Executive Order recognized the right of federal employees to collectively bargaining.

8. Once again, May and Labor were created during the time when the unions were                     fighting for what working condition?
Answer: The labor movement in the United States grew out of the need to protect the common interest of workers. For those in the industrial sector, organized labor unions fought for better wages, reasonable hours, and safer working conditions.