Labor day (Tuesday)

Names: Jose A, Mauricio U, William H, Vijay G, Abdoulaye D,

Answer the following questions:

  1. Describe what was going on at Union Square on September 5, 1882.
    Answer: Peter McGuire was fighting for an eight-hour workday called for workers to come together on the first Monday in September to celebrate in the streets, more than 30,000 workers. On September 5, 1882 in Union Square.
  2. How old was Peter McGuire when he started working?
    Answer: Peter McGuire was 11 when he started working, he quit school to work with his father at the union army
  3. What apprenticeship skill did he learn?
    Answer: The apprentice skill he learned was piano making at age 15 years, he was active in labor and radical circles including the NY branch of internal workingmen association
  4. What was he doing at Cooper Union?
    Answer: He was at  Cooper Union to form a Committee of Public Safety to press the local authorities to provide economic assistance to the unemployed.
  5. List some of the trades unions he helped create:
    • #1 United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America
    • #2 The American Federation of Labor (AFL)
    • #3 Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions (FOTLU)
  6. The May Day labor marches he led demanded what law be enforced?
    Answer:  The law that eight hours shall constitute a legal day’s labor.
  7. Read the timeline history.  List and describe what your group thinks the three most important events are on that timeline, and summarize each in 1-2 sentences.
    • #1 In 1881 36 delegates carpenters from local 14 came together to form the United Brotherhood of carpenters.
    • #2 The first state bill to recognize the Labor Day holiday was passed by Oregon on February 21, 1887.
    • #3 After World war 2 their numbers were over 700,000 and becoming one of the nation’s largest strongest and most respected unions in North America.
  8. Once again, May and Labor were created during the time when the unions were fighting for what working condition?
    Answer: They were fighting for workers’ rights, such as the eight-hour work day and for workers’ safety and work environment.