Names: Jose A, Mauricio U, William H, Vijay G, Abdoulaye D,
Answer the following questions:
- Describe what was going on at Union Square on September 5, 1882.
Answer: Peter McGuire was fighting for an eight-hour workday called for workers to come together on the first Monday in September to celebrate in the streets, more than 30,000 workers. On September 5, 1882 in Union Square.
- How old was Peter McGuire when he started working?
Answer: Peter McGuire was 11 when he started working, he quit school to work with his father at the union army
- What apprenticeship skill did he learn?
Answer: The apprentice skill he learned was piano making at age 15 years, he was active in labor and radical circles including the NY branch of internal workingmen association
- What was he doing at Cooper Union?
Answer: He was at Cooper Union to form a Committee of Public Safety to press the local authorities to provide economic assistance to the unemployed.
- List some of the trades unions he helped create:
- #1 United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America
- #2 The American Federation of Labor (AFL)
- #3 Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions (FOTLU)
- The May Day labor marches he led demanded what law be enforced?
Answer: The law that eight hours shall constitute a legal day’s labor.
- Read the timeline history. List and describe what your group thinks the three most important events are on that timeline, and summarize each in 1-2 sentences.
- #1 In 1881 36 delegates carpenters from local 14 came together to form the United Brotherhood of carpenters.
- #2 The first state bill to recognize the Labor Day holiday was passed by Oregon on February 21, 1887.
- #3 After World war 2 their numbers were over 700,000 and becoming one of the nation’s largest strongest and most respected unions in North America.
- Once again, May and Labor were created during the time when the unions were fighting for what working condition?
Answer: They were fighting for workers’ rights, such as the eight-hour work day and for workers’ safety and work environment.